When one is reviewing as many of the fundamental ideas that shape ones thinking with regard to the models of where we are, the model that we have a breathable atmosphere held in place by gravity around the globe earth surrounded by an infinite near perfect vacuum should be on the VERY TOP of this list. Strangely, like others, I have only just turned my mind to this phenomenon.
One is not surprised to find that the information about the thickness of the atmosphere surrounding the Earth is totally muddled. Here are two examples, the first which says the atmosphere is 300 miles thick, but most of it is within 10 miles, while the other tells us that it is 60 miles thick. http://www.space.com/17683-earth-atmosphere.html https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/airplane/atmosphere.html
Although one hasn’t actually seen any “peer reviewed” papers on how the atmosphere stays, here is an example of what passes for an explanation of the standard model of a globe which has an atmosphere held by gravity” http://earthsky.org/earth/what-keeps-earths-atmosphere-on-earth
The evidence which unambiguously and emphatically disproves this model is obtained simply by the placement of a glass of water inside a vacuum chamber, with a couple of examples provided below:
The items to be noted in reviewing these demonstrations include:
That compulsion we call Gravity is acting on all of the matter inside these vacuum jars just as it is allegedly acting upon the putative outer edges of the atmosphere and the infinite vacuum of space
Before the water evaporates, the air inside the chamber is withdrawn very easily by the application of very small vacuum pressure differentials.
Not only does the vacuum draw out the air, it evaporates the water. If applied for sufficiently long periods, all of the water will be evaporated.
Remember here, the air pressure outside the bell shaped vacuum chamber is irrelevant to this experiment. The environment of concern is entirely within the chamber where gravity exists and a vacuum is created. What do we observe? We observe that GRAVITY is UNABLE to prevent the air from leaving the chamber. Not only that, GRAVITY is UNABLE to prevent the WATER from leaving the chamber as vacuum is applied.
Consider a sturdy airtight steel pipeline that is built from close to sea level beside a road leading to the top of a mountain at 10,000 ft (say). The air pressure at sea level is 101 kPa, while the air pressure at the top is about 70 kPa. We now seal the top and bottom of the pipeline, and the pressures remain unchanged. Next, we apply a vacuum pump at the top of the pipeline… what do we then observe? We observe that air pressure at the top of the pipe falls from 70 kPa towards zero. We also observe that the air pressure at sea level also falls… and it falls TOWARDS ZERO as well. In other words, the force of gravity is NOT able to prevent the gas at the bottom of the pipeline from being drawn from the pipeline at the top. Despite this well documented and understood phenomenon, we are expected to believe that the Earths atmosphere can coexist with the “near perfect vacuum of space”.
The argument that I have outlined above is unlikely to be disputed by any engineer or anyone familiar with the operation of vacuum systems.
With the above in mind, we can now compare the vacuum pump connected to the pipeline at the top of the mountain to the infinite and “near perfect” vacuum of “space”. As our discussion above has unambiguously demonstrated, the gas at the edge of the atmosphere is going to attempt to fill the void of space with Boltzmannesque determination. Once these molecules have vacated the scene, those immediately below it will then become exposed to the “Vacuum of Space” and they will also decamp into the void. This process will continue until all of the atmosphere and the oceans and the people and, dare one say, some otherwise very solid chunks of solid would also vaporise.
Therefore, the model that we live on a globe with an atmosphere open to the infinite vacuum of space is disproved.
The ramifications of this discussion are profound. Modern cosmology demands that planets travel around suns around galaxies and clusters without friction… and this requires a “near perfect” vacuum between the masses. Without the fiction that Earths atmosphere can coexist with a infinite vacuum without any physical barrier, the entire Copernican model implodes…